Monday, 24 February 2014

Research Proposal

1. Statement of problem

    In the 21st century, there are many problems such as world hunger, terminal diseases, unwanted children, solar flares and etc.

    2. Research Objectives

    we will be researching on solar flare effect on telecommunication signals. We want to research on this because in the 21st century, millions of people are using communication devices every minute and when solar flare occurs. So when a solar flare occur, it will disrupt the telecommunication signals. We will be testing on how much solar flare occur in one day and which part of the day it will disrupt the telecommunication. We live in a world so dependent on telecommunication signals like making important calls overseas or locally we feel that this research is very important to nearly everyone as we can predict when solar flare occur and how long the solar flare lasts. 

    3. Literature Review

    We have researched that solar flare releases millions of hydrogen bomb which disrupts telecommunication signals. The solar cycle is the change of the sun’s activity which includes changes in the levels of solar radiation and ejection. Solar cycles have about an average of 11 years duration. They have been observed by changes in the sun's appearance and by changes seen on Earth, such as auroras. The x-rays from flares are stopped by our atmosphere well above the Earth's surface. But they do disturb the Earth's the earth upper region which in turn disturbs some of the radio communications. They heat the Earth’s outer atmosphere intense radio emission from flares and these changes in the atmosphere can degrade the precision of Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements.

    4. Proposed Hypotheses

    We predict that solar flare release millions of hydrogen bomb that will disrupt communication signals such as radio waves and other electrical devices. We also predict that the longer the intensity of solar flare made by the sun, the more hydrogen bombs released which causes the disruption of communication longer.

    5. Research Plan 

    We intend to build magnetometer sensor from scratch buying all the materials we need to build a magnetometer, we will need to build two magnetometer so as to get a reliable result to research on solar flares we will also need to build a sensitive magnetometer so that the magnetometer does not get spoiled from a high intensity solar flare. We also intend to test it at least twice or thrice a week or more to get a reliable results depending on how many results we need, we would be conducting the tests in urban areas as there is where the communication gets disrupted. 

    6. Analysis of data 
    Solar flare release millions of hydrogen bomb that will disrupt communication signals such as radio waves and other electrical devices.The longer the intensity of solar flare made by the sun, the more hydrogen bombs released which causes the disruption of communication longer. Solar storms generate magnetic field which can be detected and measured with a magnetic sensor. A magnetometer used for this application must be sensitive and stable enough to measure the variation of the magnetic fields as well as having a wide range so that spikes in the data won't saturate the sensor.

    7. Overall assessment on feasibility and manageability of the research

    Our test will be manageable and easy as we can get the resources from the internet and we can build it with the instructions. Solar flare happens nearly everyday so time will not be a problem for us and the only difference from each solar flare is the intensity of the solar flare.

    REFERENCES

    Detecting Solar Flares

    UPI, C. (2013, Octo 30). Sun emits solar flare, fourth this week, as activity increases. Retrieved fromhttp://www.upi.com/Science_News/2013/10/30/Sun-emits-solar-flare-fourth-this-week-as-activity-increases/UPI-35781383167617/


    forum, A. (2014, Janu 21). Looking for solar flare detection project ideas. Retrieved fromhttp://forum.arduino.cc/index.php?topic=76882.0;wap2


    watson-gyro, C. (2014, Janu 21). Solar storm detection. Retrieved from http://www.watson-gyro.com/aps/solar-storm-magnetic-field-magnetometer.html


    Geller, L. (2014, Janu 21). Thoughts on a proton precession magnetometer design - a proton magnetometer project. build an earth's field magnetometer.. Retrieved fromhttp://www.gellerlabs.com/PMAG%20Articles.htm


    SCI-NEWS, C. (2013, July 09). Scientists detect antimatter particles in solar flares. Retrieved fromhttp://www.sci-news.com/physics/science-antimatter-positron-solar-flares-01206.html

    About Solar Flares


    hesperia.gsfc.nasa, G. (2014, Janu 21). What is a solar flare. Retrieved fromhttp://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/sftheory/flare.htm 

    (hesperia.gsfc.nasa, 2014)





    www.noaa, G. (14, Janu 21). How space weather affects real-time technology. Retrieved fromhttp://www.noaa.gov/features/01_economic/spaceweather_2.html

    (www.noaa, 2014)


    curious.astro.cornell, E. (2002, Octo 10). What are some of the effects of solar flares on earth?. Retrieved from http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=308

    (curious.astro.cornell, 2002)


    www.radio-electronics, C. (2014, Janu 21). Solar flares and disturbances for radio propagation. Retrieved from http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/propagation/ionospheric/solar-flares.php

    Monday, 3 February 2014

    Tuesday, 21 January 2014

    Solar Flares

    Fig 1

    Bibliography


    Detecting Solar Flares

    UPI, C. (2013, OCTO 30). Sun emits solar flare, fourth this week, as activity increases. Retrieved from http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2013/10/30/Sun-emits-solar-flare-fourth-this-week-as-activity-increases/UPI-35781383167617/

    (UPI, 2013)


    forum, A. (2014, Janu 21). Looking for solar flare detection project ideas. Retrieved from http://forum.arduino.cc/index.php?topic=76882.0;wap2

    (forum, 2014)

    watson-gyro, C. (2014, Janu 21). Solar storm detection. Retrieved from http://www.watson-gyro.com/aps/solar-storm-magnetic-field-magnetometer.html

    (watson-gyro, 2014)

    Geller, L. (2014, Janu 21). Thoughts on a proton precession magnetometer design - a proton magnetometer project. build an earth's field magnetometer.. Retrieved from http://www.gellerlabs.com/PMAG%20Articles.htm

    (Geller, 2014)

    SCI-NEWS, C. (2013, JULY 09). Scientists detect antimatter particles in solar flares. Retrieved from http://www.sci-news.com/physics/science-antimatter-positron-solar-flares-01206.html

    (SCI-NEWS, 2013)

    Monday, 20 January 2014

    21st Century Problems (Solar Flares) √ (chosen)

    Solar flares
    Solar flares produce high energy particles and radiation that are dangerous to living organisms. However, at the surface of the Earth we are well protected from the effects of solar flares and other solar activity by the Earth's magnetic field and atmosphere. The most dangerous emissions from flares are energetic charged particles
    The x-rays from flares are stopped by our atmosphere well above the Earth's surface. They do disturb the Earth'sionosphere, however, which in turn disturbs some radio communications. Along with energetic ultraviolet radiation, they heat the Earth’s outer atmosphere, causing it to expand. This increases the drag on Earth-orbiting satellites, reducing their lifetime in orbit. Also, both intense radio emission from flares and these changes in the atmosphere can degrade the precision of Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements.
    The energetic particles produced at the Sun in flares seldom reach the Earth. When they do, the Earth's magnetic field prevents almost all of them from reaching the Earth's surface. The small number of very high energy particles that does reach the surface does not significantly increase the level of radiation that we experience every day.

    Taken from:
    http://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/sftheory/spaceweather.htm

    21st Century Problems (Global Warming)

    Global warming
    Carbon dioxide and other air pollution that is collecting in the atmosphere like a thickening blanket, trapping the sun's heat and causing the planet to warm up. Coal-burning power plants are the largest U.S. source of carbon dioxide pollution -- they produce 2.5 billion tons every year. Automobiles, the second largest source, create nearly 1.5 billion tons of CO2 annually. Technologies exist today to make cars that run cleaner and burn less gas, modernise power plants and generate electricity from nonpolluting sources, and cut our electricity use through energy efficiency. The challenge is to be sure these solutions are put to use.
    Taken from:http:                                                                                           //www.nrdc.org/globalwarming/