Monday, 24 February 2014
1. Statement of problem
In the 21st century, there are many problems such as world hunger, terminal diseases, unwanted children, solar flares and etc.
2. Research Objectives
we will be researching on solar flare effect on telecommunication signals. We want to research on this because in the 21st century, millions of people are using communication devices every minute and when solar flare occurs. So when a solar flare occur, it will disrupt the telecommunication signals. We will be testing on how much solar flare occur in one day and which part of the day it will disrupt the telecommunication. We live in a world so dependent on telecommunication signals like making important calls overseas or locally we feel that this research is very important to nearly everyone as we can predict when solar flare occur and how long the solar flare lasts.
3. Literature Review
We have researched that solar flare releases millions of hydrogen bomb which disrupts telecommunication signals. The solar cycle is the change of the sun’s activity which includes changes in the levels of solar radiation and ejection. Solar cycles have about an average of 11 years duration. They have been observed by changes in the sun's appearance and by changes seen on Earth, such as auroras. The x-rays from flares are stopped by our atmosphere well above the Earth's surface. But they do disturb the Earth's the earth upper region which in turn disturbs some of the radio communications. They heat the Earth’s outer atmosphere intense radio emission from flares and these changes in the atmosphere can degrade the precision of Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements.
4. Proposed Hypotheses
We predict that solar flare release millions of hydrogen bomb that will disrupt communication signals such as radio waves and other electrical devices. We also predict that the longer the intensity of solar flare made by the sun, the more hydrogen bombs released which causes the disruption of communication longer.
5. Research Plan
We intend to build magnetometer sensor from scratch buying all the materials we need to build a magnetometer, we will need to build two magnetometer so as to get a reliable result to research on solar flares we will also need to build a sensitive magnetometer so that the magnetometer does not get spoiled from a high intensity solar flare. We also intend to test it at least twice or thrice a week or more to get a reliable results depending on how many results we need, we would be conducting the tests in urban areas as there is where the communication gets disrupted.
6. Analysis of data
Solar flare release millions of hydrogen bomb that will disrupt communication signals such as radio waves and other electrical devices.The longer the intensity of solar flare made by the sun, the more hydrogen bombs released which causes the disruption of communication longer. Solar storms generate magnetic field which can be detected and measured with a magnetic sensor. A magnetometer used for this application must be sensitive and stable enough to measure the variation of the magnetic fields as well as having a wide range so that spikes in the data won't saturate the sensor.
7. Overall assessment on feasibility and manageability of the research
Our test will be manageable and easy as we can get the resources from the internet and we can build it with the instructions. Solar flare happens nearly everyday so time will not be a problem for us and the only difference from each solar flare is the intensity of the solar flare.
Detecting Solar Flares
UPI, C. (2013, Octo 30). Sun emits solar flare, fourth this week, as activity increases. Retrieved fromhttp://www.upi.com/Science_News/2013/10/30/Sun-emits-solar-flare-fourth-this-week-as-activity-increases/UPI-35781383167617/
forum, A. (2014, Janu 21). Looking for solar flare detection project ideas. Retrieved fromhttp://forum.arduino.cc/index.php?topic=76882.0;wap2
watson-gyro, C. (2014, Janu 21). Solar storm detection. Retrieved from http://www.watson-gyro.com/aps/solar-storm-magnetic-field-magnetometer.html
Geller, L. (2014, Janu 21). Thoughts on a proton precession magnetometer design - a proton magnetometer project. build an earth's field magnetometer.. Retrieved fromhttp://www.gellerlabs.com/PMAG%20Articles.htm
SCI-NEWS, C. (2013, July 09). Scientists detect antimatter particles in solar flares. Retrieved fromhttp://www.sci-news.com/physics/science-antimatter-positron-solar-flares-01206.html
About Solar Flares
hesperia.gsfc.nasa, G. (2014, Janu 21). What is a solar flare. Retrieved fromhttp://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/sftheory/flare.htm
www.qrg.northwestern, E. (2014, Janu 21). What is a solar flare?. Retrieved fromhttp://www.qrg.northwestern.edu/projects/vss/docs /space-environment/3-what-is-solar-flare.html
www.noaa, G. (14, Janu 21). How space weather affects real-time technology. Retrieved fromhttp://www.noaa.gov/features/01_economic/spaceweather_2.html
curious.astro.cornell, E. (2002, Octo 10). What are some of the effects of solar flares on earth?. Retrieved from http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=308
www.radio-electronics, C. (2014, Janu 21). Solar flares and disturbances for radio propagation. Retrieved from http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/propagation/ionospheric/solar-flares.php